electrochemical properties of a silicon nanoparticle hollow graphite


The properties of a material in nanoparticle form are usually very different from those of the bulk material even when divided into micrometer-size particles. A number of causes contribute to that effect. Large area/volume ratio A bulk material should have constant physical properties (such as thermal and electrical conductivity, stiffness, density, and viscosity) regardless of its size

Magnetite nanoparticle anchored graphene cathode

2020/10/22Magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs or Fe 3 O 4 NPs) were prepared via chemical co-precipitation method by mixing a 1:2 mol ratio mixture of ferrous (Fe 2+) and ferric (Fe 3+) salts (figure 1(a)). In a typical synthesis procedure, 1.5 g of FeCl 2.4H 2 O and 3.0 g of FeCl 3 were mixed in 100 ml of water and vigorously stirred for 30 min at 60 C under N 2 gas flow.

Electrochemical Characterization of Cu

The electrochemical properties of the silicon electrode have been investigated using lithium foil as the counter and reference electrode. The high irreversible capacity observed mainly in the first cycle was attributed to the formation of the SEI layer on the silicon surface, while the other cycles have shown good capacity retention with a high charge efficiency above 90%.

Carbon nanomaterials: synthesis and applications to

In 1978, Wiles and Abrahamson also observed graphite fibers rolled in layers with a hollow center (Wiles Abrahamson, 1978). However, it was only in 1991, in the work developed by Iijima that these fibers became known as carbon nanotubes (CNT) ( Iijima, 1991 ).

A novel silicon graphite composite material with

1 INTRODUCTION Recently, electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles have been drawn great attention to the public due to the demand of using new energy. 3, 4 A variety of batteries have received widespread attention, but currently lithium‐ion batteries have the most application prospects. 1, 2 However, the development of these new energy vehicle has been influenced by the low energy

Recent Developments in Silicon Anode Materials for

Si-based Carbon Composite Anode Materials Another approach to overcome the volume change during cycling is to form a composite material. 23 The matrix does not experience significant volumetric change, which may buffer the expansion of silicon, maintain the structural integrity of the electrode, and enhance stability by reducing silicon aggregation or electrochemical sintering. 10

Recent Progress in Synthesis and Application of Low

Silicon hollow nanoparticle is an interesting structure of silicon nanoparticles because it provides inner space allowing silicon to expand its volume both externally and internally []. In 2007, a nest-like silicon nanoparticle was reported with a reversible lithium storage of 3952 mAh/g at 100 mA/g and a ratability of 3052 mAh/g at 2000 mA/g [ 44 ].

Rapid coating of asphalt to prepare carbon

2019/12/23In order to obtain large-scale industrial silicon/carbon composites as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, graphite-loaded nano-silicon (GSi) composite was synthesized by a facile spray drying method, and then asphalt powders were fast fused on the surface and carbonized at 1100 C for 2 h to obtain core–shell GSiC composite. The nano-Si particle was pinned on the graphite surface

Silicon anode structure generates new potential for lithium

2021/2/5Silicon anodes can store ten times as much charge in a given volume than graphite anodes—a whole order of magnitude higher in terms of energy density, said Dr. Haro. The problem is, as the lithium ions move into the anode, the volume change is huge, up to around 400%, which causes the electrode to fracture and break.

Electrochemical properties of a silicon nanoparticle/hollow

Electrochemical properties of a silicon nanoparticle/hollow graphite fiber/carbon coating composite as an anode for lithium-ion batteries Liyong Wang ab, Zhanjun Liu * a, Quangui Guo a, Xiaohui Guo a and Jianjun Gu b a CAS Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials,

Aspects of the Electrochemical Lithiation of Silicon Nanoparticles

catalysts Article Ab Initio-Based Structural and Thermodynamic Aspects of the Electrochemical Lithiation of Silicon Nanoparticles Seung-Eun Lee 1, Hyung-Kyu Lim 2,* and Sangheon Lee 1,* 1 Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil,

Influence of single

Fig. 1. Single-nanoparticle electrochromism imaging approach. (A) Electrochemical setup for widefield optical imaging of single-nanoparticle electrochromism.Pt counter and Ag/AgCl reference electrodes are not shown for clarity. (B) Optical transmission image stack during a cathodic polarization pulse.

[PDF] Electrochemical Performance of Graphite / Silicon /

− In this study, Graphite/Silicon/Carbon (G/Si/C) composites were synthesized to improve the electrochemical properties of Graphite as an anode material of lithium ion battery. The prepared G/Si/C composites were analyzed by XRD, TGA and SEM. Also the electrochemical performances of G/Si/C composites as the anode were performed by constant current charge/discharge, rate

Elastic a

In this study, an amorphous (a) silicon nanoparticle backboned graphene nanocomposite (a-SBG) for high-power lithium ion battery anodes was prepared. The a -SBG provides ideal electrode structures—a uniform distribution of amorphous silicon nanoparticle islands (particle size 10 nm) on both sides of graphene sheets—which address the improved kinetics and cycling stability issues of the

Spherical Carbon‐Coated Natural Graphite as a Lithium‐Ion

Liyong Wang, Zhanjun Liu, Quangui Guo, Xiaohui Guo, Jianjun Gu, Electrochemical properties of a silicon nanoparticle/hollow graphite fiber/carbon coating composite as an anode for lithium-ion batteries, RSC Advances, 10.1039/C7RA00953D, 7, 58, (2017).

Electrochemical properties of carbon nanocoils and hollow

2016/5/1The hollow graphite fibers (HGFs) were made by melt spinning in our laboratory. The softening point of isotropic pitch was 553 Electrochemical properties of PAN-based carbon fibers as anodes for rechargeable lithium ion batteries Carbon, 39 (2001), p. 1299

Engineering Empty Space between Si Nanoparticles for Lithium

and silicon signal were detected, and the oxygen signal was relatively low, indicating complete removal of the SiO 2 core. Next, the electrochemical properties of the Si nanoparticle anodes were evaluated using deep galvanostatic charge/ discharge cycles from 1

Synthesis and Characterization of Silicon Nanoparticles

Silicon nanoparticles have been successfully inserted into graphene sheets via a novel method combining freeze-drying and thermal reduction. The structure, electrochemical performance, and cycling stability of this anode material were characterized by SEM, X-ray diffraction (XRD), charge/discharge cycling, and cyclic voltammetry (CV). CV showed that the Si/graphene nanocomposite exhibits

(PDF) Hollow Silicon Nanospheres Encapsulated with a

In this study we have investigated the electrochemical properties of hollow silicon nanospheres encapsulated with a thin carbon shell, HSiC, as a potential candidate for lithium-ion battery anodes. Hollow Si nanospheres are formed using a templating

Silicon/Carbon Composite Anode Materials for Lithium

2019/2/14Silicon (Si) is a representative anode material for next-generation lithium-ion batteries due to properties such as a high theoretical capacity, suitable working voltage, and high natural abundance. However, due to inherently large volume expansions (~ 400%) during

Lithium–silicon battery

History The first laboratory experiments with lithium-silicon materials took place in the early to mid 1970s. Silicon-graphite composite electrodes Silicon carbon composite anodes were first reported in 2002 by Yoshio Studies of these composite materials has shown that the capacities are a weighted average of the two end members (graphite and silicon).

Advanced materials for flexible electrochemical energy

1. Carbon nanotubes for flexible electrodes of LIBs Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have broadened application prospects in LIBs due to the excellent electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and mechanical properties. Reference Wang, Jiang and Shen 42, Reference Yoon, Lee, Kim, Park, Cho and Jeong 43 The one dimensional tubulous structure can build the supporting framework of flexible

Dimethylacrylamide, a novel electrolyte additive, can

To enhance the electrochemical properties of silicon anodes in lithium-ion batteries, dimethylacrylamide (DMAA) was selected as a novel electrolyte additive. The addition of 2.5 wt% DMAA to 1.0 M LiPF 6 /EC : DMC : DEC : FEC (3 : 3 : 3 : 1 weight ratio) electrolyte significantly enhanced the electrochemical properties of the silicon anode including the first coulombic efficiency, rate

Electrochemical biosensors: perspective on functional

2020/2/4The electrochemical biosensor is one of the typical sensing devices based on transducing the biochemical events to electrical signals. In this type of sensor, an electrode is a key component that is employed as a solid support for immobilization of biomolecules and

The critical role of carbon in marrying silicon and graphite

Silicon is considered as one of the most‐promising anodes to replace the traditional graphite anode for the realization of high‐energy LIBs due to its extremely high theoretical capacity, although its severe volume changes during lithiation/delithiation have led to a


Silicon-encapsulated hollow carbon nanofiber networks with ample space around the Si nanoparticles (hollow Si/C composites) were successfully synthesized by dip-coating phenolic resin onto the surface of electrospun Si/PVA nanofibers along with the subsequent solidification and carbonization. More importantly, the structure and Si content of hollow Si/C composite nanofibers can

New approach for the high electrochemical performance

2021/4/15Silicon nanoparticle based anode is effective to extend cycle life by reducing pulverization of silicon particles during lithiation and de-lithiation. However, it is hard to handle nano-scale materials during a series of manufacturing processes in the industry. Particularly

The α

2020/8/3The α-Fe 2 O 3 /graphite composites were prepared by a thermal decomposition method using the expanded graphite as the matrix. The α-Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles with the size of 15–30 nm were embedded into interlayers of graphite, forming a laminated porous nanostructure with a main pore distribution from 2 to 20 nm and the Brunauer−Emmett−Teller surface area of 33.54 m 2 g −1.

Advanced materials for flexible electrochemical energy

1. Carbon nanotubes for flexible electrodes of LIBs Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have broadened application prospects in LIBs due to the excellent electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and mechanical properties. Reference Wang, Jiang and Shen 42, Reference Yoon, Lee, Kim, Park, Cho and Jeong 43 The one dimensional tubulous structure can build the supporting framework of flexible

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