micro-structural characteristics of cast irons

Cast irons

19 Malleable Cast Irons - summary • Malleable cast iron is produced by the heat treatment of white cast irons. • Heating white iron at temperatures 800 c to 900 c for 50 hours in a neutral atmosphere (to prevent oxidation) causes a decomposition of the cementite, forming graphite in the form of clusters/ rossettes surrounded by a ferrite or pearlite matrix depending on cooling rate.

Iron Classification Codes and Characteristics

treatment. The iron is cast as a white iron of a suitable chemical composi-tion to respond to the malleabilizing heat treatment. Alloyed iron—This classification includes gray irons, ductile irons and white irons that have more than 3% alloying elements (nickel

GUIDELINES Field Welding and Cutting Ductile Iron Pipe

4 General Welding of Iron Pipes Weldability of Ductile Iron Due to their high carbon content, all cast irons have a common factor affecting their weldability. During the welding of cast irons, the iron immediately adjacent to the weld metal is heated to its fusion or

Cast irons and their Classification – IspatGuru

Cast irons and their Classification satyendra January 10, 2016 0 Comments cast iron, cementite, ductile iron, eutectic, Ferrite, graphite, gray iron, malleable iron, SG iron, white iron, Cast irons and their Classification The term 'cast iron' represents a large family of ferrous alloys.


Cast iron is generally considered as a difficult material to be welded. This is basically due to two reasons: (i) inherent brittleness of the cast iron and (ii) the effect of weld thermal cycle on the metallurgical structure of the cast iron. Typically, four distinct regions

Niobium in Cast Irons

2016/2/2These irons are called high-chromium cast irons, and the as-cast structure consists of eutectic carbides of the type M 7 C 3 in a matrix of austenite (). The presence of austenite and the less interconnected carbides gives some toughness to the alloy, and the harder M 7 C 3 carbide gives a better wear resistance to these materials.

Microstructural damage evaluation of ferritic

The goal of this work is to improve the understanding of the relation between the microstructural characteristics of Intercritical Austempered Ductile Cast Iron (IADI) and the damage micromechanisms observed during its tensile loading. The experimental methodology

An Approach Based on the Exploratory Data Analysis to

Ductile Cast Irons (DCIs) are ferrous alloys in which graphite precipitations are embedded inside a metallic matrix in the form of spherical nodules []. DCIs are low cost materials. They have properties like moldability, mechanical strength, and machinability characteristics.


4 for specific type of cast iron produced at the specific foundry [2]. Cast iron is an alloy of iron with carbon as the main alloying element, containing more than 2.03 %C. In addition to carbon, cast irons contain silicon and manganese. Silicon has the greatest

Effect of Nanoadditives on the Wear Behavior of Spheroidal Graphite Cast Irons

Austempered ductile irons Wear resistance Hardness Structure Bainite A B S T R A C T The tribological characteristics of spheroidal graphite cast irons with and without nanosized additives are investigated. The tests are performed as in cast iron condition

Metallurgical Properties of Cast Irons

Metallurgical Properties of Cast Irons ~The worlds best element~ Engineering 45 SRJC, Dec. 2003 Emanuel Perez Alex Stameroff Cast Irons Cast iron is made when pig iron is re-melted in small cupola furnaces (similar to the blast furnace in design and operation) and poured into molds to make castings.make castings.

Microstructural Characterization of Granular Cast Iron

Microstructural Characterization of Granular Cast Iron for Permeable Reactive Barriers Microstructural Characterization of Granular Cast Iron for Permeable Reactive Barriers Ruhl, Aki S.; Jekel, Martin 2014-08-01 00:00:00 Introduction Buried fixed bed filters consisting of granular Fe 0 materials, so called permeable reactive barriers, are widely applied for the passive downstream

heat treatment of high chrome white iron

Microstructural Characteristics and Mechanical Properties of Heat Treated High-Cr White Cast Iron . Changing in chemical composition and heat treatment carried out to this alloy from about 205 MPa for high-carbon grades to about 415 MPa related to microstructural characteristics and mechanical properties of high Cr white cast iron alloys are oresented.

The Fracture and Fatigue Properties of Cast Irons Used for Trunk

1 The Fracture and Fatigue Properties of Cast Irons Used for Trunk Mains in the Water Industry H Mohebbi, D A Jesson, M J Mulheron and P A Smith Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences University of Surrey Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH UK Corresponding

Effects of W on microstructure of as

Abstract Microstructures of as-cast 28 wt.%Cr–2.6 wt.%C irons containing (0–10)wt.%W with the Cr/C ratio about 10 were studied and related to their hardness. The experimental irons were cast into dry sand molds. Microstructural investigation was performed by

Cast Irons Selection Guide

2021/5/3Cast irons are a large group of ferrous alloys which contain a large amount of carbon and solidify with a eutectic (chemical carbide which solidifies at a lower temperature). They are derived from pig iron and are mainly alloyed with carbon and silicon. Their melting temperatures are appreciably

Microstructural evaluation and high

2019/4/30This present study investigated effect of chromium content on high temperature erosive wear characteristics of high chromium cast irons (Cr contain: 12%, 17%, 22% and 27% mass) for as cast specimens (AC) and heat treated specimens (QT), respectively. High

International Journal of Research Publication and Reviews

Austempering ductile irons (ADI) also refer to as nodular cast iron is an enriched carbon-iron alloy with some outstanding characteristics have marked it highly suitable for application in manufacturing industries. In past decades, the use of molten salt or lead are


The microstructural characteristics of the experimental ductile irons are tabulated in Table 2 . The structure of nodular cast irons essentially consists of nodular graphite (spherulites) in a ferritic, ferritic-pearlitic or pearlitic matrix with possibly some additional

Classification of ductile cast iron specimens: a machine learning

iscovered in the years 1943-48, ductile cast irons (DCIs) offer a really interesting combination of cast irons peculiarities (first of all, castability) and of carbon steels mechanical properties (e.g., toughness), [1]. Small D additions of elements like Mg or Ce allow to

Cast iron and the self

Cast iron is assessed as a self-lubricating material under sliding conditions. This is due to the graphite particles distributed in the matrix, which come out from their pocket, and form a tribofil 2014 (English) Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)

Microstructural Simulation of Solidification Process of

This paper presents a new micro-macro approach for the thermo-microstructural behavior of the solidification process of an eutectic ductile cast iron. The thermal balance is written at a macroscopic level and can take into account both the structural component being cast and its mold.

Difference in Properties of Cast Iron and Mild Steel

Cast iron and mild steel are commonly used metals. However, they cannot be interchanged as far as their applications are concerned. Let's check out the difference in properties of cast iron and mild steel to understand their characteristics in a better manner.

Effects of Micro

This paper elucidates the effects of micro-alloying (Cr, Mo, rare earth and Ag) on the microstructure, element distribution and mechanical properties including Brinell hardness and tensile strength in cast gray irons. Experimental results show that the morphology of main graphite transforms from type C to type A and is refined obviously in the modified gray iron after micro-alloying. The

Graphite nodules and fatigue crack propagation

Since 1948, ductile cast irons (DCIs) are able to combine the toughness of steels with the good castability of grey irons. They are widely used in a number of applications, for example wheels, gears, and crankshafts in cars and trucks. Their fatigue crack propagation

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