optical properties of interstellar dust grains

[astro

2003/4/28This review surveys the observed properties of interstellar dust grains: the wavelength-dependent extinction of starlight, including absorption features, from UV to IR; optical luminescence; IR emission; microwave emission; optical, UV, and X-ray scattering by dust; and polarization of starlight and of infrared emission. The relationship between presolar grains in meteorites and the

Interstellar dust studies with TAUVEX

Interstellar dust studies with TAUVEX 235 at difierent locations of the Galaxy, taking into account the direction and the depth of the line of sight, (this would be distinctly difierent from GALEX) was not yet investigated. Such an investigation will help constrain the

Planck intermediate results. XXI. Comparison of polarized thermal emission from Galactic dust at 353 GHz with interstellar

properties of dust, and therefore of the important dust model parameters, composition, size, and shape. Using ancillary catalogues of interstellar polarization and extinction of starlight, we obtain the degree of polarization, p V, and the optical depth in the V band V

Scattering by Interstellar Dust Grains. II. X

2 with radii a 100˚A, containing 106 atoms; carbonaceous grains in this size range are modelled using the optical properties of graphite. The primary objective of this paper is to calculate the X-ray scattering and absorption prop-erties of this dust model, and to

THE ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF DUST IN INTERSTELLAR AND

dust grains produced, and underestimating the average grain size. The effects of these results on The spectral dependence of interstellar extinction places useful constraints on the properties of diffuse interstellar dust. Previous work has shown that there is

DUST PLASMA ANALOGUE FOR INTERSTELLAR 217.5 nm

DUST PLASMA ANALOGUE FOR INTERSTELLAR 217.5 nm EXTINCTION sity in the plasma, we used microwave interferometer working at wavelength of 1 cm (Berndt et al. 2006). The plasma emission spectroscopy is performed by using the imaging spectrograph

SCATTERING BY INTERSTELLAR DUST GRAINS. I. OPTICAL AND

grains in this size range are modeled using the optical propertiesofgraphite. The primary objective of this paper is to calculate the scattering and extinction properties of this dust model at infrared, optical, and ultraviolet wavelengths and to make these results

INTERSTELLAR GRAINS: 50 YEARS ON

2 Plate 2. The diffuse interstellar bands with half widths in the range 2-30A are distributed over the entire visual waveband. They are associated with interstellar dust grains but have defied identification for nearly 100 years. Plate 3.The Orion nebula the birthplace of

The Interstellar Dust Properties of Nearby Galaxies

1.INTRODUCTION 1.1.The Interstellar Dust: a Key Galaxy Component Interstellar grains are solid particles of sizes 0:3 nm . r. 0:3 m, made of heavy elements (mainly O, C, Si, Mg, Fe) available in the InterStellar Medium (ISM). They appear to be rather uniformly

THE PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM

The Dust Life Cycle 14:20 Review: The dust cycle in galaxies: from stardust to planets and back R. Waters 14:55 The properties of silicates in the interstellar medium S. Zeegers 15:10 3D map of the dust distribution towards the Orion-Eridanus superbubble with

Optical Properties of Composite Interstellar Grains: A

2004/11/1In the framework of the transition matrix approach, we calculate the relevant optical properties of cosmic dust grains of amorphous carbon and astronomical silicates, modeled as aggregates of spherical monomers. Two mechanisms of aggregation were considered, producing clusters with different structure and degree of fluffiness: ballistic particle-cluster aggregation (BPCA) and

Dust Models and Optical Properties

Aigen Li Dust Models and Optical Properties Kobe Intl. School of Planet. Sci.: Small Bodies in Planetary Systems, 2006.12.06 3 Deflnitions for Scattering and Absorption of Light by Small Particles When light impinges on a particle it is either scattered or absorbed.

Dust Grains from Supernovae

Dust grains in the interstellar medium are responsible for the dramatic shapes darkening the faces of bright nebulae, the Horsehead Nebula for example. The grains absorb ultraviolet and optical light, and when gathered in molecular clouds or other high density

Composition of interstellar gas and dust

etary dust particles (IDPs) have been identified as pre- served interstellar (IS) grains, stimulating hopes that we may eventually be able to analyze the properties of IS dust through hands-on laboratory studies. On the other hand, constraints on IS dust gained from

The Stuff Between the Stars

Understanding the optical properties of dust is especially important when an interstellar cloud upstages some other astronomical object that scientists are trying to study. Dark nebulae completely block light coming from stars behind them, creating a dark patch in the sky.

Towards a Unified Model of Polarized Emission and Extinction from Interstellar Dust

Introduction Modeling Dust Polarization Magnetic Grains Results Modeling Dust Materials Determine optical properties of grain materials Calculate cross-sections and temperatures for aspherical particles in standard radiation field Determine size distribution

THEMIS

Following coagulation processes, not only do the physical properties of the dust grains change, but also their optical properties (CMM → AMM). Our calculations show that the grain temperature decreases and that the far-IR/submm emissivity increases for the aggregates compared to the single grains ( Koehler et al. 2015 ).

Infrared Light Scattering as a Diagnostic of Interstellar

The optical properties of the dust grains are based on the computations made by Li and Draine (The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 554, p. 778, 2001). The parameters we are studying are the maximum grain size of the dust grains, the size distribution of the grains, the strength of the radiation field towards the Taurus molecular cloud complex, and the optical depth of the TMC-1N filament.

[PDF] Interstellar Dust

Interstellar dust grains catalyse chemical reactions, absorb, scatter, polarise and re-radiate starlight and constitute the building blocks for the formation of planets. Understanding this interstellar component is therefore of primary importance in many areas of astronomy astrophysics.

Evolution of Interstellar Dust and Related Topics

VI INDICE 3. Properties of astronomical graphite pag. 64 31. Crystalline structure and energy bands 65 3'2. Optical constants 67 3'3. Extinction cross-sections of small graphite grains. 2200 hump 70 3'4. Grain temperatures 72 B. T. DRAINE - Optical properties of interstellar dust grains.

Constraints on the properties of the 2175A interstellar feature

well as optical properties, of grains responsible for the 2175A interstellar extinction feature (interstellar UV bump) are dis-cussed. These constraints are based on the observation that the peak position of the interstellar UV feature is very stable (vari-ations ˘ 1%˘

INTERSTELLAR GRAINS: 50 YEARS ON

2 Plate 2. The diffuse interstellar bands with half widths in the range 2-30A are distributed over the entire visual waveband. They are associated with interstellar dust grains but have defied identification for nearly 100 years. Plate 3.The Orion nebula the birthplace of

THEMIS

Following coagulation processes, not only do the physical properties of the dust grains change, but also their optical properties (CMM → AMM). Our calculations show that the grain temperature decreases and that the far-IR/submm emissivity increases for the aggregates compared to the single grains ( Koehler et al. 2015 ).

The Physics of Interstellar Dust: Physics Today: Vol 57, No 1

Interstellar dust grains, small solid particles in the space between stars, absorb and scatter short-wavelength UV and optical radiation and reradiate the absorbed energy as longer-wavelength infrared radiation. Because of interstellar dust, the birth of stars is

INTERSTELLAR GRAINS: 50 YEARS ON

2 Plate 2. The diffuse interstellar bands with half widths in the range 2-30A are distributed over the entire visual waveband. They are associated with interstellar dust grains but have defied identification for nearly 100 years. Plate 3.The Orion nebula the birthplace of

DataSpace: On the Nature of Interstellar Grains

Whether through absorption, scattering, or emission, the effects of interstellar dust are manifest at nearly all wavelengths of astronomical interest. This dissertation synthesizes observations of the diverse optical phenomenology of interstellar dust to investigate the material composition of interstellar grains and to better understand their electromagnetic properties.

Interstellar dust studies with TAUVEX

Interstellar dust studies with TAUVEX 235 at difierent locations of the Galaxy, taking into account the direction and the depth of the line of sight, (this would be distinctly difierent from GALEX) was not yet investigated. Such an investigation will help constrain the

Interstellar medium

In astronomy, the interstellar medium (ISM) is the matter and radiation that exist in the space between the star systems in a galaxy.This matter includes gas in ionic, atomic, and molecular form, as well as dust and cosmic rays.It fills interstellar space and blends smoothly into the

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